UniServe Science Geography Table of Contents

8.2.1 Biophysical Interactions
Atmosphere Hydrosphere
Biosphere Lithosphere

El Niño: The child returns - from Wheeling Jesuit University/NASA Classroom of the Future
http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/elnino/elnino.html

The Petition: A Global Warming Case Study - from University at Buffalo, State University of New York
http://www.sciencecases.org/petition/petition.asp
including Case Teaching Notes

Australia State of the Environment 2001 Report - from Environment Australia
http://www.deh.gov.au/soe/2001/

Australia's 'State of the Environment Report 2001': Some Key Issues - from The Wilderness Society
http://www.wilderness.org.au/member/tws/projects/General/soe2001.html

Environmental Resources - from Envirolink
http://www.envirolink.org/

Natural Resource Management - from Murray-Darling Basin Commission
http://www.mdbc.gov.au/nrm

Natural Resources - from Macquarie University
http://www.es.mq.edu.au/hsc/nat_res/lecoh.htm

Atmosphere

The Earth's Atmosphere - from Enchanted Learning
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/astronomy/planets/earth/Atmosphere.shtml

Introduction to the Atmosphere - from The National Center for Atmospheric Research
http://www.ucar.edu/learn/1_1_1.htm

Earth's Atmosphere - from NASA
http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html

Atmosphere - from GEO: Global Environment Outlook
http://www.grida.no/geo/geo3/english/364.htm

UV Menace - from Wheeling Jesuit University/NASA Classroom of the Future
http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/ozone/uvmenace.html

Earth on fire - from Wheeling Jesuit University/NASA Classroom of the Future
http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/carbon/earthfire.html

Global Climate Change - from Wheeling Jesuit University/NASA Classroom of the Future
http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/climate/GCmain.html

Climate Changes - from Queensland Government Department of Natural Resources and Mines
http://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/ClimateChanges/index.html

Predicting natural events - from NOVA, Australia Academy of Science
http://www.science.org.au/nova/092/092key.htm

Greenhouse Effect

Carbon currency - the credits and debits of carbon emissions trading - from NOVA, Australia Academy of Science
http://www.science.org.au/nova/054/054key.htm

Enhanced greenhouse effect - a hot international topic - from NOVA, Australia Academy of Science
http://www.science.org.au/nova/016/016key.htm

Impact of global warming on biodiversity - from NOVA, Australian Academy of Science
http://www.science.org.au/nova/091/091key.htm

Getting into hot water - global warming and rising sea levels - from NOVA, Australian Academy of Science
http://www.science.org.au/nova/082/082key.htm

Warmer and sicker? Global warming and human health - from NOVA, Australian Academy of Science
http://www.science.org.au/nova/081/081key.htm.htm

Acid Rain

Environmental Biology - Acid Rain and Soil Erosion from Biology at Marietta College
http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/102/arain.html

Acid Rain FAQ - from Environment Canada
http://www.ns.ec.gc.ca/msc/as/acidfaq.html

Acid Rain Hotlist - from Miami Museum of Science
http://www.miamisci.org/ph/hexpand2.html

Acid Rain Backgrounder - a primer on acid rain for environmental journalists, from LeHigh University, USA
http://www.lehigh.edu/~kaf3/books/reporting/acid.html

Acid Rain Program - from the US Environmental Protection Agency
http://www.epa.gov/airmarkets/arp/index.html

Acid Rain - chemistry of acid rain from AUS-e-TUTE
http://www.ausetute.com.au/acidrain.html

Acid Rain - why it is a concern - from Environment Protection Authority, South Australia
http://www.epa.sa.gov.au/pdfs/info_acidrain.pdf

Ozone depletion

The ozone layer: life's protective blanket - from Australian Antarctic Division
http://www.aad.gov.au/default.asp?casid=750

Ozone Depletion - from Australian Antarctic Division
http://classroomantarctica.aad.gov.au/pdfs/Environment_U8_9_Ozone_SC.pdf

Ozone Depletion - from Columbia University
http://www.ciesin.org/TG/OZ/oz-home.html

Stratospheric Ozone Depletion - from NASA Advanced Supercomputing
http://www.nas.nasa.gov/About/Education/Ozone/

The Ozone Hole Tour- from Centre for Atmospheric Science, Cambridge University
http://www.atm.ch.cam.ac.uk/tour/

Earth's sunscreen - the ozone layer - from NOVA, Australian Academy of Science
http://www.science.org.au/nova/004/004key.htm


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Biosphere

The Biosphere - from University of Florida
http://web.geology.ufl.edu/Biosphere.html

Australia's Biosphere Reserves - from the Department of the Environment and Heritage
http://www.deh.gov.au/parks/biosphere/

Biodiversity

Biodiversity Conservation - from Department of Environmental Science at the University of Adelaide
http://www.waite.adelaide.edu.au/School/Habitat/index.html

The NSW Biodiversity Strategy - from NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service
http://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/npws.nsf/Content/sbs+home

Biodiversity - from Department of the Environment and Heritage
http://www.deh.gov.au/biodiversity/

Australia's Biodiversity - from Australian Museum
http://www.amonline.net.au/biodiversity/

Land - from GEO: Global Environment Outlook
http://www.grida.no/geo/geo3/english/138.htm

Diversity - from Living in the Biosphere, University of Colorado
http://www.colorado.edu/geography/virtdept/module/biosphere/units/unit4/html/unit4frame.html

Biodiversity and Protected Areas - from World Resource Institute
http://www.wri.org/biodiv/

Biodiversity - from RainforestWEB
http://www.rainforestweb.org/Rainforest_Information/Biodiversity/

Forestry

Forests - from Department of Primary Industries
http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/forests

Regional Forest Agreements - from Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestries
http://www.affa.gov.au/content/output.cfm?ObjectID=89389274-95D8-4380-BD9BB177D644820A&contType=outputs

NSW Forest Agreements: Contents - from Resource and Conservation Assessment Council
http://www.racac.nsw.gov.au/rfa/

Forestry - from the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries & Forestry - Australia
http://www.affa.gov.au/content/output.cfm?ObjectID=D5D9971F-E9AF-42E9-87EA693F901C6E37&contType=outputs

Conservation of Australia's forests - from the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries & Forestry - Australia
http://www.affa.gov.au/content/output.cfm?ObjectID=D2C48F86-BA1A-11A1-A2200060B0A03722

Plantations & Farm Forestry - from the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries & Forestry - Australia
http://www.affa.gov.au/content/output.cfm?ObjectID=D2C48F86-BA1A-11A1-A2200060B0A03315

Agroforestry - from NSW Agriculture
http://www.agric.nsw.gov.au/reader/agforestry

Forests, grasslands and drylands - from the World Resource Institute
http://wri.igc.org/forests/#

Land clearing

The Deforestation of the Amazon: A Case Study in Understanding Ecosystems and Their Value - from Carleton College
http://ublib.buffalo.edu/libraries/projects/cases/amazon.html
including Case Teaching Notes

Land Clearing - from The Wilderness Society
http://www.wilderness.org.au/campaigns/landclearing/

Land clearing - from Nature Conservation Council of NSW
http://www.nccnsw.org.au/nativevegetation/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6&Itemid=103

Fire

The hidden cost of bushfires - from NSW Department of Land and Water Conservation
http://www.dlwc.nsw.gov.au/care/soil/soil_pubs/pdfs/hidden_%20cost_bf.pdf

Fire and forests - from WA Department of Conservation and Land Management
http://www.calm.wa.gov.au/forest_facts/fire_forest.html

Bushfires - from NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service
http://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/npws.nsf/Content/Bushfires

Bushfire - from NSW Agriculture
http://www.agric.nsw.gov.au/reader/985


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Hydrosphere

Earth's Oceans: an introduction - from Enchanted Learning
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/ocean/

Freshwater - from GEO: Global Environment Outlook
http://www.grida.no/geo/geo3/english/265.htm

Water Quality - from Wheeling Jesuit University/NASA Classroom of the Future
http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/waterq3/WQintermpuzzle.html

Hydrologic Cycle - from Purdue University
http://danpatch.ecn.purdue.edu/~epados/ground/src/cycle.htm

Virtual River - from California State University, Los Angeles
http://www.sciencecourseware.com/VirtualRiver

How Does Water Move Through the Ground? - from McDougal Littell, simulation requiring Shockwave
http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/content/investigations/es1401/es1401page01.cfm?chapter_no=investigation

River regulation

Instream structures and other mechanisms that alter natural flows - from NSW Fisheries
http://www.fisheries.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/34252/Primefact_Instream_structures.pdf

The Impacts of Water Regulation and Storage on the Basin's Rivers - from the Murray-Darling Basin Commission
http://www2.mdbc.gov.au/education/encyclopedia/water_regulation/water_regulation_impact.htm

RESTORING THE BALANCE: GUIDELINES FOR MANAGING FLOODGATES AND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS ON COASTAL FLOODPLAINS - from NSW Fisheries
http://www.fisheries.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/5078/floodgate-guidelines.pdf

Urban run-off

Urban Run-Off as a Source of Contamination in Drinking Water - from The EXtension TOXicology NETwork (University of California-Davis, Oregon State University, Michigan State University, Cornell University, and the University of Idaho)
http://ace.orst.edu/info/extoxnet/faqs/safedrink/urban.htm

Urban Runoff Reuse - from The Department of Water, Land and Biodiversity Conservation, SA
http://www.dwlbc.sa.gov.au/urban/alternative/runoff.html

Managing Urban Runoff from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
http://www.epa.gov/owow/nps/facts/point7.htm

Introduction to Urban Stormwater Management in Australia - from Department of the Environment and Heritage
http://www.deh.gov.au/coasts/publications/stormwater/urban.html

Coastal sediment budgets

Estimating Uncertainty in Coastal Inlet Sediment Budgets - from Army web site
http://cirp.wes.army.mil/cirp/presentations/ws2000/uncertain/tsld001.htm

Flood

Flood - from NSW Agriculture
http://www.agric.nsw.gov.au/reader/5357

Flood and Flash Flood - from the American Red Cross
http://www.redcross.org/services/disaster/keepsafe/readyflood.html

The "100 - Year Flood" - from the U.S. Geological Survey
http://water.usgs.gov/pubs/FS/FS-229-96/

Flood: Dealing with the Deluge - from NOVA, PBS Online
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/flood/deluge.html

Flood / Flashflood - Photographs of floods and flashfloods - from Australian Severe Weather
http://australiasevereweather.com/photography/flood.html

Drought

el niño: of droughts and flooding rains - from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation
http://www.abc.net.au/science/slab/elnino/story.htm

Climate education: drought - from the Bureau of Meteorology
http://www.bom.gov.au/lam/climate/levelthree/c20thc/drought.htm

Understanding drought - from CSIRO Atmospheric Research
http://www.cmar.csiro.au/e-print/open/info98_5.htm

Drought statement - from the Bureau of Meteorology
http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/drought/drought.shtml

Living with drought - from the Bureau of Meteorology
http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/drought/livedrought.shtml

Drought - from NSW Agriculture
http://www.agric.nsw.gov.au/reader/883

National Drought Mitigation Centre - from the University of Nebraska - Lincoln
http://www.drought.unl.edu/index.htm


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Lithosphere

Crust and Lithosphere - from the Geological Society
http://www.geolsoc.org.uk/template.cfm?name=lithosphere

Soil degradation

Soils and Their Conservation
http://www.waite.adelaide.edu.au/School/Soil/index.html

Sodicity - a dirty word in Australia
http://www.science.org.au/nova/035/035key.htm

Monitoring the white death - soil salinity
http://www.science.org.au/nova/032/032key.htm

The Australian Soil Classification - from the Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program (ACLEP) at CSIRO
http://www.clw.csiro.au/aclep/asc/asc.htm

The World of Soil
http://soil.hostweb.org.uk/

Soil Profile Attribute Data Environment - from Department of Land and Water Conservation
http://www.dlwc.nsw.gov.au/care/soil/SALIS/spade/spade.html

Deterioration of soil structure - from the Department of Natural Resources and Environment through its program Reading The Land
http://www.netc.net.au/enviro/fguide/deterstruc.html

Soil fertility decline - from the Department of Natural Resources and Environment through its program Reading The Land
http://www.netc.net.au/enviro/fguide/soildeclin.html

Soil erosion

Soil erosion - from the Department of Natural Resources and Environment through its program Reading The Land
http://www.netc.net.au/enviro/fguide/soil1.html

Soil Erosion - from University of Adelaide
http://www.waite.adelaide.edu.au/school/Soil/erosion.html

Soil Condition: Soil Properties - Soil erosion by water - from Natural Resource Management
http://www.nrm.gov.au/monitoring/indicators/soil/water.html

Salinisation

Salinity Solutions: New South Wales - from Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Natural Resources
http://dipnr.nsw.gov.au/salinity/index.htm

Salinity - from the Department of Natural Resources and Environment through its program Reading The Land
http://www.netc.net.au/enviro/fguide/salinity.html

National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality - from Environment Australia
http://www.napswq.gov.au/

Salinity - from NSW Agriculture
http://www.agric.nsw.gov.au/reader/13076

Monitoring the white death - soil salinity - from NOVA, Australian Academy of Science
http://www.science.org.au/nova/032/032key.htm

Salinity - the awakening monster from the deep - from NOVA, Australian Academy of Science
http://www.science.org.au/nova/075/075key.htm

Salinity - Australia's Silent Flood - from ABC Online
http://www.abc.net.au/learn/silentflood/default.htm

Soil contamination

Soil contamination - from the United States Environmental Protection Agency
http://www.epa.gov/superfund/students/wastsite/soilspil.htm

Soil contamination - from the European Tropic Centre on Terrestrial Environment
http://terrestrial.eionet.eu.int/Soil/SoilContamination

Soil contamination - from the Department of Environment and Heritage Planning
http://www.defence.gov.au/environment/contamination/soil.htm

Mass movement

Mass Movement
http://www.netc.net.au/enviro/fguide/mass.html

Debris-Flow Hazards in the United States - from the U.S. Geological Survey
http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs-176-97/fs-176-97.html

Hillslope Processes and Mass Movement - from Physical Geography.net
http://www.geog.ouc.bc.ca/physgeog/contents/11h.html

Mass Movement - from Earth Science Australia
http://earthsci.org/geopro/massmov/massmov.html


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Human Impact

Remnants - is an exercise designed to teach you about the kinds of land use and environmental variables that impact on birds in Australia's temperate woodlands
http://www.birdsaustralia.com.au/remnants/

Soils in NSW - from NSW Department of Land and Water Conservation
http://www.dlwc.nsw.gov.au/care/soil/

Human impacts in Antarctica: what are we doing? - from Australian Antarctic Division
http://www.aad.gov.au/default.asp?casid=3436

Human Impacts on Antarctica and Threats to the Environment - Overview - from Cool Antarctica
http://www.coolantarctica.com/Antarctica%20fact%20file/science/human_impact_on_antarctica.htm


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