UniServe Science Biology Table of Contents

9.8 The Human Story
General websites Classification of humans Fossil and biological evidence for models of human evolution Relationships between hominid species
Anthropologists Spread of humans around the world Compare humans with other primates Current and future trends in biological evolution and cultural development

General websites for the topic

Human Evolution - Museum in a Box, books, specimens, teacher's notes and more from Australian Museum
http://www.austmus.gov.au/museum_box/boxes/human_evolution.htm

Human Origins Program - In Search of What Makes us Human - from the Smithsonian Institute
http://www.mnh.si.edu/anthro/humanorigins/

Becoming Human - from the Institute of Human Origins, Arizona State University, interactive online presentation
http://www.becominghuman.org/

Human Evolution - including Chart of Human Evolution and Tour of the Human Fossil Record
http://www.handprint.com/LS/ANC/evol.html

Behavioral and Biological Origins of Modern Humans - from Access Excellence
http://www.accessexcellence.org/BF/bf02/klein/

ArchaeologyInfo.com - including human evolution
http://www.archaeologyinfo.com/

Hominid Time Line - from Mesa Community College
http://www.mc.maricopa.edu/~reffland/anthropology/anthro2003/origins/hominid_journey/timeline.html

Hominid Evolution - a teaching unit from Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute
http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1979/6/79.06.02.x.html

Fossil Hominids The Evidence for Human Evolution from The Talk.Origins Archive - Exploring the Creation/Evolution Controversy
http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/

You Try It: Human Evolution - an interactive presentation on Human evolution from A Science Odyssey, requires Shockwave
http://cgi.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/tryit/evolution/

Human Evolution - from Stanford University
http://www.stanford.edu/~harryg/protected/evolve3.htm

Anthropolgy Tutorials - from Palomar College includes Early Primate Evolution, Early Hominid Evolution and Early Human Evolution
http://anthro.palomar.edu/tutorials/physical.htm


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Classification of humans

Viewpoint: Is It Time to Revise the System of Scientific Naming? - from National Geographic
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2001/12/1204_hominin_id.html


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Fossil and biological evidence for models of human evolution

Twin fossil find adds twist to human evolution: Homo erectus had an unexpected neighbour, and a surprising lifestyle too - from Nature magazine
http://www.nature.com/news/2007/070806/full/070806-5.html

Geochronology

The Record of Time - an Anthropology Tutorial from Palomar College
http://anthro.palomar.edu/time/default.htm

Virtual Dating - from Geology Labs On-line
http://vcourseware4.calstatela.edu/VirtualDating/

Unit I: Exercise in Radiometric Dating (exercise) - from Community College of Baltimore County
http://www.cat.cc.md.us/courses/eas101/unit1/radiometric2.html

Unit I: Absolute Dating: Radiometric Dating Lab (Lab exercise) - from Community College of Baltimore County
http://www.cat.cc.md.us/courses/eas101/unit1/dating_lab.html

Radiometric Dating - from Georgia Perimeter College
http://www.gpc.edu/~pgore/geology/geo102/radioa.htm

How do you radiometrically date sedimentary rocks? - from California State University, Long Beach
http://seis.natsci.csulb.edu/rbehl/integration.htm


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Relationships between hominid species

Welcome to the Hall of Human Ancestors - from Smithsonian Institute
http://www.mnh.si.edu/anthro/humanorigins/ha/ances_start.html

Archaeology and Anthropology - from Hooper Virtual Natural History Museum, especially The Hominids and Human Evolution
http://www.wf.carleton.ca/Museum/1.html

Hominid Evolution - from Black Hawk College
http://www.bhc.edu/academics/science/harwoodr/Geol102/Study/humans.htm

Human Ancestry: Species - from ArchaeologyInfo.com
http://www.archaeologyinfo.com/species.htm

Prominent Hominid Fossils - from The Talk.Origins Archive Exploring the Creation/Evolution Controversy
http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/specimen.html

Hominid Species - from The Talk.Origins Archive Exploring the Creation/Evolution Controversy
http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/species.html

The Dating Game: A Case Study in Human Evolution and Case Teaching Notes for "The Dating Game" from Case Studies in Science, State University of New York at Buffalo together with
http://ublib.buffalo.edu/libraries/projects/cases/hominid.html

Focus on human origins - an article on Toumai in Nature, with links to ten classic papers on human evolution
http://www.nature.com/nature/ancestor/

Section II: Hominid Evolution
http://www.serpentfd.org/section2hominidevolution.html

A new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa - an article published in Nature, 2002
http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage.taf?file=/nature/journal/v418/n6894/full/nature00879_fs.html

Cavemen - from BBC Science and Nature, try the online interactive Caveman Challenge
http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/cavemen/

Oldest Homo Sapiens Fossils Found, Experts Say - from National Geographic News
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/06/0611_030611_earliesthuman.html

Hobbit-Like Human Ancestor Found in Asia - from National Geographic News
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/10/1027_041027_homo_floresiensis.html

Homo neanderthalensis

Neandertals: A Cyber Perspective - from Indiana State University
http://sapphire.indstate.edu/~ramanank/

Telltale Face Betrays Neandertals as Non-Human - from Natinal Geographic News
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2001/08/0802_neandertal.html

Neandertals Not Our Ancestors, DNA Study Suggests - from National Geographic News
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/05/0514_030514_neandertalDNA.html

Neandertal Advance: First Fully Jointed Skeleton Built - from National Geographic News
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/03/0310_050310_neandertal.html


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Anthropologists

Anthropology Biography Web - alphabetically listing which includes Louis and Mary Leakey, David Johanson, Robert Broom, Raymond Dart, Phillip Tobias and Jane Goodall, from Minnesota State University, Mankato
http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/information/biography/index.shtml

The Leakey Family

The Leakey Family - written by Dr Donald Johansen for Time Magazine TIME 100: Scientists & Thinkers includes a transcript of an interview with Richard Leakey
http://www.time.com/time/time100/scientist/profile/leakey.html

The Leakey Foundation - including Early History of the Leakey's
http://www.leakeyfoundation.org/

The Leakey family - from A Science Odyssey
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/boleak.html

Leakey family discovers human ancestors 1959 - from A Science Odyssey
http://cgi.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/do59le.html

Fossil Hominids: Louis Leakey - from The Talk.Origins Archive Exploring the Creation/Evolution Controversy
http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/lleakey.html

Fossil Hominids: Richard Leakey - from The Talk.Origins Archive Exploring the Creation/Evolution Controversy
http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/rleakey.html

Fossil Hominids: Mary Leakey - from The Talk.Origins Archive Exploring the Creation/Evolution Controversy
http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/mleakey.html

Donald Johanson

Interview with Dr Donald Johanson - from Ann Online, requires RealPlayer, also text based biography
http://www.annonline.com/interviews/961204/

Johanson finds 3.2 million-year-old Lucy 1974 - from A Science Odyssey
http://cgi.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/do74lu.html

Lucy - from the Institute of Human Origins
http://www.asu.edu/clas/iho/lucy.html

Robert Broom

Fossil Hominids: Robert Broom - from The Talk.Origins Archive Exploring the Creation/Evolution Controversy
http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/rbroom.html

Raymond Dart

Fossil Hominids: Raymond Dart - from The Talk.Origins Archive Exploring the Creation/Evolution Controversy
http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/rdart.html

Ron Clarke (A colleague of Phillip Tobias)

World's first hominid fossil skull with skeleton found at Sterkfontein - a press release from the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
http://virtual.yosemite.cc.ca.us/anthro/NEWS/major_fossil_find_at_sterkfontei.htm

Phillip Tobias

Mr. Ples Throws Scientists Into A Tizzy - from Science Daily
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/06/980618031633.htm

Jane Goodall

The Jane Goodall Institute - includes a biography of Jane Goodall
http://www.janegoodall.org/

Jane Goodall's Wild Chimpanzees - from PBS Nature
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/goodall/


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Spread of humans around the world

Stepping Out and the EFCHED Project - a map of early hominid dates from the University of Reading
http://www.rdg.ac.uk/archaeology/HORG/projects/Simulation.htm

The Initial Movement Out of African:Migrations of Homo Erectus - from Mesa Community College
http://www.mc.maricopa.edu/~reffland/anthropology/anthro2003/origins/hominid_journey/asianerectus.html

Humans turned south out of Africa - from ABC Science Online
http://www.abc.net.au/science/news/stories/s1364351.htm

New twist on out-of-Africa theory - from ABC Science Online
http://www.abc.net.au/science/news/stories/s1153697.htm

Ghosts of past haunt new gene project - from ABC Science Online
http://www.abc.net.au/science/news/stories/s1351656.htm

Maori men and women from different homelands - from ABC Science Online
http://www.abc.net.au/science/news/ancient/AncientRepublish_817069.htm

Early Humans May Have Crossed Sea to Leave Africa - from National Geographic News
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/05/0513_050513_modernhuman.html

New fossils may be first human ancestors out of Africa - summary of an article published in Science with link to full article
http://cogweb.english.ucsb.edu/EP/Ergaster_00.html

Origin of Modern Humans - from Access Excellence
http://www.accessexcellence.org/BF/bf02/klein/bf02e2.html

Skull Fossil Challenges Out-of-Africa Theory - an article from National Geographic
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/07/0703_020704_georgianskull.html

Controversy Over Famed Ancient Skull: Ape or Human? - from National Geographic News
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/10/1009_021009_chadskull.html

Mungo Man - from the Lab, ABC Science Online, DNA being used to determine the lineage of Mungo Man and what it implies for the "Out of Africa" theory
http://www.abc.net.au/science/slab/mungoman/default.htm

Fossils and Migration Patterns in Early Hominids - a classroom activity from The Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation
http://www.woodrow.org/teachers/bi/1995/fossilshominids.html

The African Emergence and Early Asian Dispersals of the Genus Homo - an article published in American Scientist
http://www.mc.maricopa.edu/~reffland/anthropology/anthro2003/origins/hominid_journey/earlyasian/Larick-1.html


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Compare humans with other primates

Evolution Lessons - from ENSI/SENSI program at Indiana University
http://www.indiana.edu/~ensiweb/evol.fs.html

Comparison of Human and Chimpanzee Chromsomes - from ENSI/SENSI program at Indiana University
http://www.indiana.edu/~ensiweb/lessons/chromcom.html

HOMINOID CRANIUM COMPARISON (The "Skulls" Lab) - from ENSI/SENSI program at Indiana University
http://www.indiana.edu/~ensiweb/lessons/hom.cran.html

MOLECULAR SEQUENCES & PRIMATE EVOLUTION Amino Acid Differences in Beta Hemoglobins in Primates - from ENSI/SENSI program at Indiana University
http://www.indiana.edu/~ensiweb/lessons/mol.prim.html

The e-Skeletons Project - University of Texas at Austin, human, gorilla and baboon skeletons and comparative anatomy of the three species
http://www.eskeletons.org/

Chimpanzee Hunting Behaviour and Human Evolution - an article from American Scientist
http://www.americanscientist.org/template/AssetDetail/assetid/24543/page/1;jsessionid=baagGeSiYqKLC_

Human-chimp DNA difference trebled - an article in NewScientist.com, September 2002
http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99992833

Scientists sort the chimps from the men - from New Scientist.com
http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99992160

The Gestural Origins of Language - an article from American Scientist
http://www.americanscientist.org/template/AssetDetail/assetid/15639?fulltext=true

Molecular Biology and Primate Phylogenetics - a classroom activity from The Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation
http://www.woodrow.org/teachers/bi/1995/simulation_molecular.html


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Current and future trends in biological evolution and cultural development

Section III: The Origin of Culture
http://www.serpentfd.org/humanevolution.html

The fate of the Neandertals - abstract from Archaeology Journal
http://www.archaeology.org/0007/abstracts/neandertals.html

The fate of the Neanderthals - an article in Nature
http://www.nature.com/cgi-taf/DynaPage.taf?file=/nature/journal/v395/n6702/full/395539a0_r.html&filetype=&dynoptions=

Does Wounded Skull Hint at Neandertal Nursing? - from National Geographic News
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/04/0423_020423_TVneandertal.html


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