UniServe Science Biology Table of Contents

8.3 Patterns in Nature

Background and General Information Cells and tissues
Gas exchange systems Digestive systems
Circulatory and transport systems Growth, repair and reproduction

Background and General Information

Online Biology Book

Cells and tissues

The Virtual Cell Web Page - an interactive multimedia learning environment - accompanied by a virtual textbook which is incomplete but useful

Cell Biology Laboratory Manual - from Biology Department at Gustavus Adolphus College - has laboratory protocols

Studying Cells Tutorial - from University of Arizona

Historical development of the cell theory

Robert Hooke - from The Museum of Palentology, University of California, Berkeley

The Cell - includes Gallery of Cells and on-line lessons

Structure of cells and organelles

Inside the Cell - from National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Introducing Cells - from Utah State Office of Education

Cell Structures and Processes - assignment questions from a Grade 11 Biology Review Page

CELLS alive! - from Quill Graphics, includes models of plants and animal cells, interactive graphic of mitosis and cell gallery

Cell Biology Problem Sets and Tutorials - local mirror site of The Biology Project, University of Arizona

Virtual Cell - an interactive plant cell

Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes, & Viruses Tutorial - Introduction - local mirror site of The Biology Project, University of Arizona

Membrane structure, osmosis and diffusion

Osmosis - exercise from laboratory protocol from Gustavus Adolphus College


Histology - practical work from Loyola University Medical Education Network

Animal Cells and Tissues - good diagrams and photographs from the Online Biology Book


Photosynthetic Pigments - from University California Museum of Paleontology

Photosynthesis: Pathway of Carbon Fixation - from John Kimball's Biology Pages

Photosynthesis: The Role of Light - from John Kimball's Biology Pages

The Flow of Energy: Primary Production - from Global Change, University of Michigan

An Introduction to Photosynthesis and Its Applications - from Arizona State University

Photosynthesis - online quizzes - Problem Set 1 and Problem Set 2 from The Biology Project, University of Arizona

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Gas exchange systems

Gas Exchange in Plants - from the Biology Pages of John Kimball

Vertebrate Gas Exchange System - from North Park College

Respiration in the Frog - from Thames Valley District School Board

Vertebrate Lungs - from The Biology Pages by John Kimball

Insect Physiology: Respiratory System - from NC State university

Tracheal Breathing - from the Biology Pages of John Kimball


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Digestive systems

InfoSheet on the Honey Possum, a nectar feeding mammal, (developed.by UniServe Science, pdf 144.3kB)

Bats in Australia: Common Blossom Bat - from Australian Museum Online

Digestive System - (brief notes but includes comparison between carnivores, herbivores and omnivores) from Southern Illinois University

The Digestive System of the Goat - from Cornell University

Ruminant Digestive System - from Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine

Digestive Systems in Different Animals - basic information site

Vertebrate Digestive System - from North Park College

Human digestive system - printable outline, with quiz and activity

Comparison Between the Digestive Tracts of a Carnivore, a Herbivore and Man - from Second Opinions

The Human Gastrointestinal (GI) Tract - from the Biology Pages of John Kimball

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Circulatory and transport systems

Vertebrate Transport System - list of questions from North Park College (with detailed answers)

Vertebrate Excretory System - list of questions from North Park College(with detailed answers)

Martin Kamen, Who Discovered Carbon-14 Here, Wins Fermi Award - from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California

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Growth, repair and reproduction

Mitosis and Meiosis

The Cell Cycle & Mitosis Tutorial - The Biology Project, The University of Arizona

Online Onion Root Tips: Determining time spent in different phases of the cell cycle - from The Biology Project, The University of Arizona

Mitosis - from University of Cincinatti, inlcudes animation of both mitosis and meiosis

Cell Division Tutorial Questions - from Cornell Univeristy USA

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Human nutrition

This section was removed from the syllabus in the October 2002 revision

Human Nutrition - from the Biology Pages of John Kimball

What are vitamins and how do they work? What is the difference between vitamin A and vitamin C, for example? If I don't get enough vitamins, what happens? - from How Stuff Works

How Vitamin C works - from How Stuff Works

How B Vitamins works - from How Stuff Works

Reference Guide for VITAMINS - from Austin Nutritional Research

British Nutrition Society

Nutrition History - includes nutritional diseases such as beri-beri, pellagra, rickets and scurvey, from Vanderbilt Medical Center

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