UniServe Science Chemistry Table of Contents

8.2 The Chemical Earth

General information Components of the Earth Energy and chemical reactions
Compounds Extracting Elements Properties of elements and compounds

General information

MicroWorlds: Exploring the Structure of Materials - from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Advanced Light Source

The Virtual Classroom - course material from The University of Akron

Concept Maps - (gif format) from Quantum Science Across Disciplines, Boston University with examples including Atoms/Orbitals Concept Map; Covalent Bond Concept Map; Molecular Orbitals; and Quantum Science Bio Mindmap

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Components of the Earth

The Particle Adventure: the fundamentals of matter and forces - from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Particle Physics Education Materials- The Contemporary Physics Education Project, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy, presents educational resources concerning our understanding of particles and interactions, based on CPEP's "Activity Packet." Teachers are encouraged to print out and reproduce these pages for classroom activities. Includes Teacher's Notes

Methods of chemical analysis

Gravimetric Analysis of a Chloride Salt - a laboratory procedure from Palomar College as a printable .pdf file (39 KB)

Methods of separation

Oxygen - from Web Elements Website

Extraction of Oxygen from Lunar Material - a PowerPoint slideshow, from The Fusion Technology Institute at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (downloadable as pdf, 241KB)


Distillation in the manufacture of essential oils - from Esoteric Oils (Pty) Ltd

Essential oils and their production - from Crop and Food Research (pdf format, 328 KB)

Chromatography - What is it? How does it work? from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

How Sugar is Refined - the Basic Story - from Sugar Knowledge International Limited

Sugarcane Processing - from US Environmental Protection Agency (pdf. 262 KB). See p12 for flow chart


Fractional Distillation of Crude Oil - from Elmhurst College

How Oil Refining Works - from How Stuff Works


Techniques Lab B: Electrolysis and Electrophoresis - from Access Excellence

Desktop Electrophoresis Lab - MOVING MOLECULES - from Access Excellence


Composition of the Atmosphere - Relative Abundance table - from CFC StarTec

Chemical of the Week: Gases of the Air - from University of Wisconsin-Madison (pdf, 47.3KB)

Argon - Chemical Properties

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Chemicool Periodic Table - from Massachusetts Institute of Technology- Encyclopedia Britannica Link no longer functions. Other data is well presented.

New Superheavy Elements 118 and 116 Discovered at Berkeley Lab - research news from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

The Periodic Table Challenge - test your knowledge of the Periodic Table from Interactive Learning Paradigms Incorporated

Extraction of Metals - from GSCE Chemistry

Activity Series - Several metals and solutions of their salts are mixed and examined in order to determine their relative activity. From University of Lincoln, Nebraska USA

The link above is part of a series of small scale experiments for chemistry, from University of Lincoln, Nebraska

Periodic Table: Noble Gases - from Chemical Element.com

Periodic Table: Metalloids - from Chemical Element.com

Periodic Table: Non-metals - from Chemical Element.com

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Molecule of the Month Aspirin - from Bristol University

Download CHIME CHIME Plug-in (It allows 3D molecular structures to be represented on the page without the user having to have an external helper program)

Nitrous Oxide Laughing Gas - from Bristol University

Lewis Structures Tutorial - from Louisiana State University

Quia! Chemistry Top 100 activities - from Quia! includes Concentration, Flash Cards

High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC): A Users Guide - from University of Kentucky

Introduction to Mass Spectrometry (MS) - from University of Arizona, including Mass Spectrometry Tutorial

Structure World - from Interactive Learning Paradigms Incorporated

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Energy and chemical reactions

Oxidation and Reduction - from Kapi'olani Community College, Hawaii

How Photographic Film Works - from How Stuff Works

Photochemistry: Silver - from Chemistry Comes Alive, American Chemical Society

Electrolysis of Water - from HyperPhysics Concepts, Georgia State University

Electrolysis: Obtaining hydrogen from water: The Basis for a Solar-Hydrogen Economy - from New Mexico Solar Energy Association

Redox Reactions - concept map from HyperPhysics Concepts, Georgia State University

An introduction to redox reactions - from Kiwi Web

Reduction and Oxidation Reactions - from ChemTutor

Oxidation/Reduction reactions - list of demonstrations and activities from the American Chemical Society


Endothermic Reaction - from Chemistry Comes Alive, American Chemical Society

Thermite Reaction - from Chemistry Comes Alive, American Chemical Societys

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Properties of elements and compounds

Covalent and Ionic Bonds - from Access Excellence

Chemical bonding: ionic or covalent or what? - from a retired member of San Francisco State University

Covalent Networks - from Clackamas Community College

Network Solids - from Davidson College - needs Cortona VRML Client

Network Solids - a PowerPoint Slide set in .pdf (370 KB) form from Oneonta State University, NY

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