UniServe Science Chemistry Table of Contents

9.2 The Identification and Production of Materials

General information Polymers Materials and Energy from the Biomass
Renewable carbon compounds as fuels Alternative energy sources Nuclear chemistry

General information

The Identification and Production of Materials - lecture notes by Dr Gavin Edwards (The University of New South Wales) in pdf format (139 KB) from the 2000 Year 12 HSC workshop for teachers

Chemistry: Production of Materials - from HSC Online

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Polymer Discovery - from Online HSC Resources, Key Centre for Polymer Colloids, The University of Sydney

Polymer Factsheet - from Assumption College, downloadable .pdf file (65 KB)

Faces in Polymers - a module from the Chemical Heritage Foundation, History of Chemistry

Polymers: Molecular Giants - from Chemical Heritage Foundation

Baffled by the Baby Bottle: A Case Study in Chemistry - from The National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science Case Study Collection at State University of New York at Buffalo, includes CASE TEACHING NOTES for Baffled by the Baby Bottle

Physical Properties of Food Wraps - from The Dow Chemical Company - a laboratory procedure

World Of Plastics And Polymers - from Science and Mathematics Initiative for Learning Enhancement, Illinois Institute of Technology- Laboratory procedures to make plastics and investigate their properties

Polymers and People - from Beyond Discovery, The National Academy of Sciences

Refining of Petroleum -from Australian Institute of Petroleum - a Fact Sheet

Refining Petroleum - from Earth Science Australia

Simple Distillation - short video of setting up equipment from Online Lab Manual, Wellesley College

Plastics Resources - from the American Plastics Council, includes How plastics are made

Ethylene - Ethene (ethylene): Properties, Production & Uses - from Aus-e-tute Chemistry (tutorials designed for High School Chemistry Students)

The Vinyl Institute - includes Vinyl the material, Vinyl and the environment

The Vinyl Council of Australia

Polyvinyl Chloride PVC - from British Plastics Federation

ChemBioFinder.Com - search for information about molecules - by common name, partial name, molecular formula, molecular weight and more

Plastic Banknotes - from Questacom

A NEW ERA POLYMER CURRENCY NOTES: 1988 Onwards - from Reserve Bank of Australia

Polymer Currency Notes - from Note Printing Australia

Polymers and Polymerization - from Aus-e-tute

Polymers - from Launceston College

Polymers and intermolecular bonds - from Making the Modern World

Addition (Chain Growth) Polymers - from Mark Bishop's Chemistry Site at Monterey Peninsula College

Polymer Chemistry - from Tangram Technology Ltd

Condensation or Step-Growth Polymerisation - Lecture Notes, downloadable as pdf (221 KB), from University of Warwick (UK)

Free Leaflets - Plastics Industry - from Health and Safety Executive, UK

Dangers of Polystyrene

The Polystyrene Page - from Environmental Justice Activists Site

Fire and explosion risks from pentane in expandable polystyrene (EPS) - from Health and Safety Executive, UK - pdf, 24 KB

Polystyrene & Health Homepage - from Enviroweb, an online support list

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Materials and Energy from the Biomass

Biomass the growing energy resource - from Nova, Australian Academy of Science.Includes What is Biomass? (Biomass is the animal and plant matter present in the biosphere).

Biomass Program and Exploring Ways to Use Biomass Energy - from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, US Dept of Energy.

Biobased Chemicals and Materials
Starches and Sugars (industrial uses of corn) - from US Department of Agriculture (pdf, 125 KB)

Biobased Products and Bioenergy - from US Department of Agriculture

Structure of Cellulose - graphic - from University of Notre Dame

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Renewable carbon compounds as fuels

Additional Material on Ethanol

Chemical Fact Sheet for Ethanol - from Spectrum Laboratories

Ethanol from Plants - from Online HSC Resources, Key Centre for Polymer Colloids, The University of Sydney

The Corn Fuel Ethanol Home Page - from Ontario Corn Producers Association

Alcohol, Chemistry and You - from Kennesaw University - Case-Study General Chemistry Curriculum Supplements

Ethanol Chemistry - from a UK GCSE Site for students

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Uses of Ethanol

Ethanol from Plants - from The Key Centre for Polymer Colloids

Ethanol - from Science Fun - includes information about effects of drinking alcohol(pdf 54.3kB)

Products from Cellulose

Cellulose Acetate - from The Plastics Historical Society - Images of Products

Glue Created from Biomass Byproducts - from The A to Z of Materials

Renewable Technologies

Renewable Energy Map of Australia - from Geoscience Australia - with clickable map to investigate location of power generation in Australia from renewable sources

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Alternative energy sources

How Batteries Work - from Energizer

How Batteries Work - from How Stuff Works

Learn about Hydrogen and Fuel Cells - from energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy - various links on this page for educators and students

Battery chemistry - from Ultralife

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Basics - from Olympus Microscopy - Java Applet shows animation

Experiments in Electrochemistry - from the Fun Science Gallery - including the Lemon Battery, Daniell's Cell, the Concentration Cell, Volta's Pile and a Galvanic Cell

Non-rechargeable Batteries - from the Electrochemistry Encyclopedia, Case Western Reserve University - History and Diagrams

Lead-Acid Battery - from Georgia State University - Diagrams of Stucture, Charging and Discharging Processes

Fuel Cell Image - from Newmango Design - Colour Diagram of Stucture of Fuel Cell

Fuel Cell - from Technology Reseach News - A fuel cell for a Mobile Phone

The UNSW Vanadium Battery - Recent Progress, click on topics in left margin

The Gratzel Cell - also called the Dye Sensitized Solar Cell

Solar Leaves - from Online Chemical Engineering Information - research into a new, cost-effective way of harnessing solar energy

Gratzel Cells Solar Cells Based on Titanium Dioxide - from the A to Z of Materials

Dye Sensitized Solar Cells - from University of Queensland Physics - the photovoltaic properties of quantum dots with plans to use them as dye replacements in dye sensitised cells (e.g. Gratzel cells, solar leaves)

Reduction Potentials - from University of Southern California - Table of Values

Calculating Cell EMF (Voltages) - from Aus-e-Tute Chemistry Tutorials -includes worked examples

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Nuclear chemistry

Common Isoptes Download an Excel spreadsheet/database(34kB) which contains selected information on over 70 isotopes that are used in medicine, industry or for scientific research. Information in the database includes name of element, symbol, alternative name, isotope, half-life, radiation produced, general and specific use, and where available, details of how the isotope is produced, handling requirements and chemical properties. If available, a suitable web site (URL) has been added.

The Benign Hamburger - from The National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science Case Study Collection at State University of New York at Buffalo, includes CASE TEACHING NOTES for The Benign Hamburger

Fact Sheets on Medical Uses of Radioisotopes

Radioisotopes and Nuclear medicines - from the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO)

Physics: From Quanta to Quarks - links to HSC Physics pages, from UniServe Science

The Canadian Nuclear Industry - an unofficial and privately-maintained list of Frequently-Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding CANDU reactors and nuclear power generation in Canada

Nuclear Chemistry and the Community - from ChemCases.com at Kennesaw State University

Radioimmunoassay - from John Kimball's Biology Pages

Isotopes for Medicine and the Life Sciences - from National Academies Press, USA - a book available as scanned graphic images

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