UniServe Science Physics Table of Contents

8.3 Electrical Energy in the Home

General information The history of electricity Society's dependence on electricity
Electricity and electric circuits Series and parallel circuits in the household Energy Transformation
Magnetic fields Energy efficiency Electrical Safety

General information

ELECTRICAL ENERGY IN THE HOME - links to information from Purplish Hue, Bob Emery, St Pius X High School, Adamstown, NSW
http://members.optusnet.com.au/~emeryrg/serv03.htm#8.3

ELECTRICAL ENERGY IN THE HOME - course notes from Bob Emery, St Pius X High School, Adamstown, NSW
http://webs.mn.catholic.edu.au/physics/emery/prelim_electrical.htm

8.3 Electrical Energy in the Home - from HSC Physics, UNSW
http://www.phys.unsw.edu.au/hsc/hsc/electrical.html

Preliminary Physics Online links and activities - from Sydney Distance Education High School
http://www.ssdec.nsw.edu.au/science/physics/physics_prelim_online.html#electrical

OVERLOAD - problem based learning activity about household wiring from Problem-Based Learning at the University of Delaware
http://www.udel.edu/pbl/overload.html

8.3 ELECTRICAL ENERGY IN THE HOME - a unit of work developed by Master of Teaching students at The University of Sydney
http://www.physics.usyd.edu.au/teach_res/mteach/mt83/w83.htm

Interactive Java Tutorials - from Molecular Expressions: Electricity and Magnetism, applets include AC Generator Action, DC Generator Action, How a Speaker Works and How a Transformer Works
http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/java/index.html

Electricity and Magnetism - from Molecular Expressions: Electricity and Magnetism
http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/

Energy in NSW 2002 - from Department of Energy, Utilities and Sustainability, contains some useful statistics for 2001
http://www.deus.nsw.gov.au/publications/esp/enswc/Energy%20in%20NSW%202001%20%202427%20KB.pdf

Department of Energy, Utilities and Sustainability: Publications List - from Department of Energy, Utilities and Sustainability
http://www.deus.nsw.gov.au/publications/index.htm

Global Warming Coolit! - a home guide to reducing energy costs and greenhouse gases, from Australian Greenhouse Office
http://www.greenhouse.gov.au/pubs/gwci/

Education and Policy - from the Research Institute for Sustainable Energy, click on Schools
http://wwwphys.murdoch.edu.au/rise/EandP/index.html

Energy Australia:Home Energy Saver - gives information on how to save energy at home
http://saver.energyaustralia.com.au/start.html

Electricity and Magnetism - from HyperPhysics, Georgia State University, excellent examples of Concept Maps
http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/emcon.html

About Electricity - from Fossil Fuels at ByDesign
http://www.bydesign.com/fossilfuels/links/html/electricity.html

Energy - a list of on-line articles covering topics such as Power Source Options, from Bagelhole, Information Center for Low-tech Sustainability
http://www.bagelhole.org/?page=section§ion=Energy


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The history of electricity

The History of Electricity - from About.com
http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blelectric.htm

The history of electricity - short biographies of key scientists
http://www.code-electrical.com/historyofelectricity.html

History of Electricity - from Scholz Electrical Company
http://www.scholzelectrical.com.au/electricity.htm

Willis Rodney Whitney General Electric research Scientist
http://www.geocities.com/bioelectrochemistry/whitney.html


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Society's dependence on electricity

Australia's Electricity - a fact sheet containing some statistics related to the use of electricity in Australia, from Uranium Information Centre Ltd
http://www.uic.com.au/nip37.htm

Nuclear Electricity - a fact sheet containing some statistics related to the use of electricity in Australia and overseas, from Uranium Information Centre Ltd
http://www.uic.com.au/ne1.htm

White Goods - includes a graph showing the percentage of electricity used by household items, also star rating of white goods, from Australian Greenhouse Office
http://www.greenhouse.gov.au/yourhome/technical/fs41.htm

Fuel Consumption Stats - from Energy Action
http://www.nef1.org/ea/eastats.html

California Consumers Get Credit for Dodging 2001 Blackouts - from Oikos, describes methods of reducing energy consumption.
http://oikos.com/news/2002/06.html


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Electricity and electric circuits

Theater of Electricity - from the Museum of Science
http://www.mos.org/sln/toe/

"Static Electricity" Page - from Bill Beaty, Amazing Science
http://www.eskimo.com/~billb/emotor/statelec.html

DC Circuit Water Analogy - an interactive diagram from the HyperPhysics, Georgia State University
http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/watcir.html

Electric Circuits and Fields - from Practical Physics
http://www.practicalphysics.org/go/Topic_8.html;jsessionid=aeji8D4f_p29?topic_id=8

Welcome to the Voltage Circuit Simulator - an Applet from University of Oregon that allows you to explore current, resistance and voltage
http://jersey.uoregon.edu/vlab/Voltage/

Understanding Electricity - lesson plans on the topic from DiscoverySchool.com
http://school.discovery.com/lessonplans/programs/understanding-electricity/


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Series and parallel circuits in the household

Household Use of Electric Energy - from Hyperphysics
http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/hsehld2.html

Exploring Series and Parallel Circuits - simple classroom demonstration, from Luther East High School, USA
http://www.iit.edu/~smile/ph9113.html

OhmZone - an interactive Shockwave module to explore current, resistance and voltage, from Article19, Shockwave developers
http://www.article19.com/shockwave/oz.htm

Powerhouse - an interactive Shockwave module to explore how much energy is comsumed by typical household appliances, US voltage used
http://www.article19.com/shockwave/ph.htm

Electronic Teaching Assistant - including Circuit Design Lab and Electric Circuits Workout from Clarkson University
http://www.clarkson.edu/~svoboda/eta/

Currents and Resistors Using a Digital MultiMeter (DMM) - interactive problems involving voltmeters and ammeters - from UNIVERSITY of PENNSYLVANIA DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
http://www.ese.upenn.edu/rca/instruments/HPdmm/DMM34401A.html

Lesson 4: Circuit Connections - from The Physics Classroom
http://www.glenbrook.k12.il.us/gbssci/phys/Class/circuits/u9l4b.html

The Current - from the ThinkQUest Library
http://library.thinkquest.org/10796/ch13/ch13.htm

Basic Circuit - from the ThinkQUest Library
http://library.thinkquest.org/10796/ch14/ch14.htm

Moving Coil Meters - from HyperPhysics, Georgia State University
http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/magnetic/movcoil.html

Ohm's Law - from The12Volt.com, pie chart of related formulae, calculator
http://www.the12volt.com/ohm/ohmslaw.asp

Ohm's Law - a Java Applet from Walter Fendt
http://www.walter-fendt.de/ph14e/ohmslaw.htm

Ohm's Law - from Hyperphysics, Georgia State University
http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/Hbase/electric/ohmlaw.html

Ohm's Law - an Applet from Molecular Expressions, Florida State University
http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/java/ohmslaw/

Resistance - from Molecular Expressions, Florida State University
http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/electricity/resistance.html


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Energy Transformation

What are amps, watts, volts and ohms? - from How Stuff Works
http://www.howstuffworks.com/question501.htm

Physics of the microwave oven - article in Institute of Physics Journal
http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0031-9120/39/1/006

What appliances use the most power? - from How Stuff Works
http://www.howstuffworks.com/question272.htm

Bill Calculation - from Carbon Power and Light
http://www.carbonpower.com/billcalc.htm

kilowatt-hour - from Energy Dictionary, Energy Vortex
http://www.energyvortex.com/energydictionary/kilowatt_hour.html


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Magnetic fields

How Electromagnets Work - from How Stuff Works
http://www.howstuffworks.com/electromagnet.htm

Application of magnetic fields in household appliances

Pest Control - these are mainly web pages from American manufacturers and suppliers of these devices (note that voltage is quoted as 110)

Indoor Pest Control - these devices are magneto-sonic, advertisement
http://pestcontrol.netfirms.com/page4.html

Pest Free Electronic Repeller .. Pest Control that Is Safe And Effective - advertisement
http://www.pestfree-electronicpestcontrolrepeller.com/

Expell-A-Pest - advertisement
http://www.expellapest.com/

Electromagnetic Pest Control - advertisement from Electronic Pest Control Pest Repeller Programô
http://www.electronicpestrepeller.com/electromagnetic.htm

Telephone or stereo speakers

How Telephones Work - from How Stuff Works
http://www.howstuffworks.com/telephone.htm

How Speakers Work - from How Stuff Works
http://www.howstuffworks.com/speaker.htm

Magnetic tape

How Tape Recorders Work - from How Stuff Works
http://www.howstuffworks.com/cassette.htm

How Floppy Disk Drive Work - from How Stuff Works
http://www.howstuffworks.com/floppy-disk-drive2.htm

The History of Magnetic Recording - from BBC
http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A3224936

Magnetic recording - good background information from University of Washington, Electrical Engineering
http://www.ee.washington.edu/conselec/CE/kuhn/magtape/95x1.htm

Magnetic Recording - from The History of Magnetism, Trinity College Dublin
http://www.tcd.ie/Physics/Schools/what/materials/magnetism/six.html

Magnetic Tape Storage and Handling - a report from National Media Laboratory, includes structure of the tape itself
http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub54/index.html

INTRODUCTION TO MAGNETIC RECORDING - from Electrical Engineering Training Series
http://www.tpub.com/neets/book23/96.htm

Magnetism and Magnetic Recording Devices - a Rutgers/Industry Physics Modules Program
http://morgan.rutgers.edu/HTMLdocs/Physics_modules/Magnetism/magnetism_home.html

Magnetic Field Therapy

Magnetic Field Therapies - from ThinkQuest Library
http://library.thinkquest.org/24206/magnetic-field-therapy.html

Explaining Magnetic Field Therapy
http://www.debmar.com/magnetic/moreinfo.html

What is magnetic Field Therapy? - article written by William Pawluk, MD, MSc, Magnopro, Assistant Professor at Johns Hopkins Medical School
http://ecomall.com/greenshopping/otusa.htm

Magnetic Field Therapy - from WebMD
http://www.webmd.com/hw/alternative_medicine/tp21258.asp?printing=true


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Electrical efficiency

Leaking Electricity: Standby and Off-Mode Power Consumption in Computer Electronics and Households - from The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
http://www.aceee.org/pubs/a981.htm

Consumer Guide to Home Energy Savings - from The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
http://www.aceee.org/consumerguide/mostenef.htm

Energy labelling - from Energy Australia
http://www.energyrating.gov.au/

Energy Efficient appliances - from Ecological Homes
http://www.ecologicalhomes.com.au/energy_efficient_appliances.htm

Homes that "Leak" Electricity, and How to Plug Them - from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
http://www.lbl.gov/Science-Articles/Archive/leaking-watts.html

Energy Efficiency Policies and Indicators - from the World Energy Council
http://www.worldenergy.org/wec-geis/publications/reports/eepi/introduction/introduction.asp

Benefits and Costs of Implementing MEPS for Household Electrical Appliances in Australia - from The Australian Greenhouse Office
http://www.greenhouse.gov.au/energyefficiency/appliances/meps/publications/gwa_meps.html


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Electrical safety

Electrical Safety World - this site is designed for a much younger audience but it does contain some useful information such as The Truth About Electric Shock!
http://www.fplsafetyworld.com/

Electrical Safety - includes electric shocks and Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter
http://www.elec-toolbox.com/Safety/safety.htm

Electric shocks

Electric shocks, Current Involved in Electric Shock and Shock Physiological Effects - from HyperPhysics, Georgia State University
http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/shock.html

How Electricity Can Hurt You - from The World of Energy, National Grid
http://www.ngridenergyworld.com/esw/hurt/index.html

Electric shock precautions - including The Physiological Effect of Electric Shock
http://pchem.scs.uiuc.edu/pchemlab/electric.htm

Electrical Safety - from Canadian Centre for Occupational Health & Safety
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/safety_haz/welding/electric.html

Electric shock explained - from Better Health Victoria
http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/BHCV2/bhcArticles.nsf/pages/Electric_shock?OpenDocument

Electric shock injuries - from Health A to Z
http://www.healthatoz.com/healthatoz/Atoz/ency/electric_shock_injuries.jsp

Safety devices

How Circuit Breakers Work - from How Stuff Works
http://www.howstuffworks.com/circuit-breaker.htm

How Surge Protectors Work - from How Stuff Works
http://www.howstuffworks.com/surge-protector.htm

How Wires, Fuses and Connectors Work - from How Stuff Works
http://www.howstuffworks.com/wfc.htm

Question of the Day: How does a GFCI outlet work - Ground-force Circuit Interrupter, from How Stuff Works
http://www.howstuffworks.com/question117.htm

GFCI Fact Sheet - from Consumer Product Safety Commission
http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/99.html

THE GFCI - from DoItYourself.com
http://doityourself.com/electric/gfci.htm

Mains electricity - a Revision Bite from BBC
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/physics/electricity/mainselectricityrev1.shtml

Earthing - from Knowledge Zone
http://www.ees-group.co.uk/earthing_info5.htm

Electrical power and Safety - from UNSW
http://www.phys.unsw.edu.au/~jw/1169/AC_Safety_notes.pdf


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