UniServe Science Senior Science Table of Contents

9.6 Preservatives and Additives

Understanding food labelling Consumers products and additives Food preservation
Food spoilage Natural preservatives Government regulations

There is a great deal of debate over the safety of many food additives. Teachers and students should consider the origin of any web site when dealing with the content.

General

Preservatives and additives - from HSC Online
http://hsc.csu.edu.au/senior_science/options/pres_add/

Food manufacture - resources for Food Technology, prepared by UniServe Science
http://science.uniserve.edu.au/school/curric/stage6/foodtech/foodmanu.html

Food facts - from Better Health Channel, Victorian Government, fact sheets include Food additives, Food allergy and intolerance, Food allergy means your body reacts to certain foods and Food irradiation
http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/foodfacts?OpenView&Count=500

Additives and ingredients for healthy eating - from Food Additives and Ingredients Association - FAIA, UK
http://www.faia.org.uk/

Introduction to the Food Industry - from Institute of Food Technologists, includes Lesson 1: Food Safety and Quality Assurance and Lesson 3: Nutrition, Labeling and Packaging
http://www.ift.org/cms/?pid=1000411

Understanding food labelling

Food Labels: What do they mean - from Food Standards Australia New Zealand
http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/_srcfiles/Food%20Labels%20Posterfinal%20.pdf

Food Labelling - from Australian Competition and Consumer Commission
http://www.accc.gov.au/content/index.phtml/itemId/525944/fromItemId/5961

Food Labelling - from Dietitians Association of Australia
http://www.daa.asn.au/index.asp?PageID=2145834441

Food labels explained - from Better Health Channel, Victorian Government
http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Food_labels_explained?OpenDocument


[Back to top of page]

Consumers products and additives

Food Additives - from Dietitians Association of Australia
http://www.daa.asn.au/index.asp?PageID=2145834393

what food additives add - from Student Nutrition Awareness Campaign, University of California
http://www.dining.ucla.edu/housing_site/dining/SNAC_pdf/FoodAdditives.pdf

Food Additives - from Better Health Channel, Victorian Government
http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Food_additives?OpenDocument

Food additives - from Food Standards Australia New Zealand
http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/foodmatters/foodadditives.cfm

A Little 'Lite' Reading - what is meant by lite and all those other terms?
http://www.fda.gov/fdac/special/foodlabel/lite.html

The Food Pyramid-Food Label Connection - interpreting food labels
http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/fdpyrmid.html

Cosmetics and Toiletries Australian Competition and Consumer Commission - ingredient labelling manual in .pdf format
Manual in pdf

Cosmetic claims guidelines - from Therapeutic Goods Administration
http://www.tga.gov.au/docs/html/cosclaim.htm


[Back to top of page]

Food preservation

When bugs have you on the run - from NOVA, The Australian Academy of Sciences includes chemicals in foods, food preservation and natural preservatives (bacteriocins).
http://www.science.org.au/nova/030/030key.htm

History of the Canning Industry - covers the History of food preservation and how cans and glass are used to preserve food?
http://members.tripod.co.uk/Polyvinyl/school/case_study.htm

How Food Preservation Works - from How Stuff Works includes Chemical preservation, canning, dehydration, freeze drying and more
http://www.howstuffworks.com/food-preservation.htm

Preserving Food Safely - a Michigan State University Extension Home Page - details about individual methods for many kinds of foods
http://www.msue.msu.edu/msue/imp/mod01/mod01s.html

Natural Food Colors - from Food Product Design
http://www.foodproductdesign.com/articles/0394DE.html

Focusing On Preservatives: How They Keep Food Fresh - from Food Science Australia
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2002/11/021113070827.htm


[Back to top of page]

Food spoilage

What the Heck is an E. coli? - information on E. coli from Bugs in the News, Microbiology, University of Kansas
http://people.ku.edu/~jbrown/ecoli.html

Food Storage, Food Spoilage, and Foodborne Illness (Circular 1313) - download a 23 page document that looks at the causes of foodborne illness, such as salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium botulinum, and trichinosis, and ways to avoid food borne illness, such as following proper storage and preparation guidelines
http://www.extension.uiuc.edu/~vista/abstracts/aFOODSTOR.html

Campylobacter Infections- from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention USA
http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/campylobacter_gi.html

Campylobacter jejuni - from The Bad Bug Book, US Food and Drug Administration
http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~mow/chap4.html

Botulism - (Clostridium botulinum) from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention USA
http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/botulism_gi.html

Clostridium perfringens - from The Bad Bug Book, US Food and Drug Administration
http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~mow/chap11.html

Clostridium botulinum - from The Bad Bug Book, US Food and Drug Administration
http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~mow/chap2.html

Salmonellosis - from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention USA
http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/salmonellosis_gi.html

Salmonella spp. - from The Bad Bug Book, US Food and Drug Administration
http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~mow/chap1.html

Escherichia coli O157:H7 - from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention USA
http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disease_listing/stec_gi.html

Salmonella spp. - from The Bad Bug Book, US Food and Drug Administration
http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~mow/chap1.html

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli - from The Bad Bug Book, US Food and Drug Administration
http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~mow/chap13.html

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli - from The Bad Bug Book, US Food and Drug Administration
http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~mow/chap14.html

Escherichia coli O157:H7 - from The Bad Bug Book, US Food and Drug Administration
http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~mow/chap15.html

Enteroinvasive Escherichia coli - from The Bad Bug Book, US Food and Drug Administration
http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~mow/chap16.html

Foodborne Illnesses - including illnesses and organisms, from the Partnership for Food Safety Education
http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/qa-fdbq.html

Question of the Day - from How Stuff Works: When I buy milk at the store the label says "homogenized pasteurized milk". What is homogenization and pasteurization? Includes UHT.
http://www.howstuffworks.com/question147.htm

Treatment of Food Poisoning

Treatment of Food Poisoning - from the National Medical Society - an online questionnaire to assist doctors
http://www.medical-library.org/journals/treatment/diarrhea/food_poisoning.htm

Food Poisoning - from Emergency Care Consumer Health
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/food_poisoning/article_em.htm

Food Poisoning - from Health First, Australia
http://www.healthfirst.net.au/content/view/495/42/


[Back to top of page]

Natural preservatives

Bacteria offer lessons to drug makers - use of bacterial toxin, nisin, provides insight for antibiotic drugs - a brief article from ScienceNews
http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1200/1999_Dec_18/58458957/p1/article.jhtml

Meet the bacteriocins: Defenders of human health - from Philippine Council for Advanced Science and Technology Research and Development
http://www.pcastrd.dost.gov.ph/modules.php?name=NPR&file=newsdetails&newsid=20

Bacteriocins and their Food Applications - from Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety
http://members.ift.org/NR/rdonlyres/DE7B878E-5285-4E97-B52B-D39A44BAB59A/0/crfsfsv2n3p082100ms20020567.pdf


[Back to top of page]

Government regulations

Food Standards Codes - from Food Standards Australia New Zealand
http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/thecode/

FDA and Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) - What is MSG? Why is it used? Is it safe?
http://vm.cfsan.fda.gov/~lrd/msg.html

Phenylketonuria (PKU) - from National Institute of Health
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/phenylketonuria.html

Chemical Cuisine: CSPI's Guide to Food Additives - includes a list of additives including those that have been banned in the US
http://www.cspinet.org/reports/chemcuisine.htm

Juice or fruit drinks - a pdf file comparing drink, juice and soda, from US Food and Nutrition Service
http://www.fns.usda.gov/tn/Resources/Nibbles/juice.pdf

Genetically modified food

User Guide - Labelling Genetically Modified Food - from Food Standards Australia new Zealnd
http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/thecode/assistanceforindustry/userguides/labellinggeneticallymodifiedfooduserguide/

Labelling of GM foods - from Biotechnology Online
http://www.biotechnologyonline.gov.au/foodag/gmlabels.cfm


[Back to top of page]
[an error occurred while processing this directive]

Page Maintained By: BioSciCH@mail.usyd.edu.au
Last Update: Monday, 30-Apr-2012 14:37:28 EST
URL: http://science.uniserve.edu.au/school/curric/stage6/snrsci/presadds.html